In recent years, various organizations and enterprises produced by the world market a common feature of forecasts is the finding that the drone market is about to explode. The latest however, based on predictions, we can formulate it in a much more nuanced way, as it is real at the time of the boom, there is no such consensus. According to a 2020 analysis, market growth is expected to average around $ 20 billion by 2022 at 18.75% with an annual growth rate that is basically in the civil service and military will be generated by the expansion of applications. In the case of the former, this includes law enforcement, firefighting, health services, search and rescue missions and emergency management border control and border protection activities, tactical, operational applications, and intelligence and reconnaissance.
Of the weapons systems of the great powers, the UAS are perhaps already represented today the most dynamically developing segment, while this area is underdeveloped industrially. States have a significant disadvantage in terms of conventional military potential and influence factors next to. Similar differentiation is observed for civil and commercial applications whose share is growing only slowly relative to military use.
North America is projected to maintain its market leadership in the commercial sector due to increasing production and sales figures, which is due to the expansion of the range of applications. However, in the period under review (2018-2022), Europe is expected to report most attractive market and will produce the most dynamic growth in the event of if a single regulatory environment and controlled airspace is achieved administrative and security conditions for an integrated application. Safe operation, creating conditions for economical, high-precision navigation (1-5 cm) can give greater boost the widespread use of drones in various industrial applications, which for example, up to 75% for geodetic or infrastructure surveys they can reduce the time spent on data collection.
For the fourth year in a row, the market leader in the global commercial drone market is a Chinese DJI, while the military market has long been the US General Atomics, AeroVironment and Boing dominates. In line with the above longer-term trends, LAANC is nationwide for this year (2020) in addition to hobby use, commercial and civil use expansion of public services is projected in the United States, which is global will make a major contribution to the growth of the drone market. In the commercial field of expansion “intelligence” services used by news agencies, construction uses, and a will be generated by the introduction and deployment of parcel delivery solutions. The latter is also significant the role of the UAS Integration Pilot Program (UIPP10), which will create the US states and cities, as well as corporate actors pilot projects to accelerate the secure UAS integration process to create.
The program will examine the role of night, people and the masses, and safety aspects of cross – border flights, hazard detection and technologies and data link solutions,safety. The experiments, in addition to commercial parcel delivery solutions, a from the beginning of the program provide opportunities for photo and video services, emergencies infrastructure management and agriculture to test supporting applications, to make the necessary technical improvements and to develop procedures. The main objective behind the aspirations is that as soon as possible, the first in the world to develop in the United States a regulation, airspace surveillance and airspace management services, and business conditions for safe integrated airspace use based on the harmonization of models.
From a market perspective, it is also a significant factor that the focus is on drones as flying platforms are gradually shifting the amount of data they provide and especially towards quality. The result of an aerial survey for geodetic purposes, for example, will not be the main one to determine what kind of drone to use, but also how to use it and so on how to process the data obtained. For example, are we satisfied with a 2-dimensional high-resolution orthophoto, or create a 3D model of the surface with cm accuracy.
It is also related to the use, what it is like during data processing we use a GIS geoinformation system (GIS11). Past and present systems they are basically not designed to produce large quantities of raw materials collected by UASs data are managed efficiently, therefore data collection, systematisation, filtering, correction, improvements in conversion, transmission and display functions, processing there is a real market need to simplify and automate processes. Therefore, the a significant reorganization of the GIS software market is also expected in the near future. The remote monitoring, infrastructure control (transmission lines, embankments, dams, sun and wind farm, routes), and for monitoring applications, for example, great emphasis should be placed on making changes as much as possible easier to display and track in a timely manner, which can help control and optimizing the planning of maintenance processes, prioritizing activities automation of setup and forecasting, thereby contributing to operating costs. The goal is therefore the degree of automation of data analysis in this market maximization.
The next area of focus is data security, which market players need to address they need to pay significantly more attention to maintaining or strengthening their market share in order to. The efficiency of data collection and the speed of processing also greatly can be enhanced by cloud-based storage solutions, and therefore in activities with UASs also an increasing proportion can be expected using these methods, leading users rightly raises the issue of the integrity of their own data. For these questions a service providers should find the most reassuring answers as short as possible in time.
Increasing flight time is the next area through which it is possible to to increase the volume of the global drone market. One of the main ways of spreading practical applications its limitation so far in the case of electric machines is the energy supply systems limited capacity of batteries used as a power source. In this area a market development potential of hydrogen-based fuel cells and solar energy more efficient may mean. In the latter field, technology has now reached a level that the effect of the increase in mass caused by the placement of solar cells on board already significantly exceeds the excess energy provided by the solar cells, thus making it possible to increase effective flight time.
This, in turn, removed the obstacle to being solar small (mainly rigid-wing) UAS with panels should also enter the market even as early as 2020-2021. There are small wing area rigid wing devices that can hold up to 11 they are able to stay in the air without landing for more than an hour while being large experimental machines equipped with a solar collector in optimal weather conditions even for days they can traverse the sky without interruption. The latter means unmanned aerial vehicles they form a special area and are mostly high altitude with long flight times solutions, the market segment of which is still strong limited. In addition to military drones, there are currently only experimental devices in this category. In practical applications, the breakthrough is in fuel cells more efficient use may even mean in the near future.
The first real breakthrough in the market for UAS, and in particular for multicopters, is the meant the generation of systems whose representatives already have such automation which, without the direct intervention of the operator, was able to correct the the effect of changes in wind speed and direction on the GPS13 on board using the data provided by the module. In recent years, market players are large emphasis is placed on reducing the role of the human factor in aviation, i.e. transfer increasing “responsibility” from the operator’s hands to the drone robotic pilots. This is it primarily a safety issue with the continuous increase in the level of autonomy of devices acts and is based on board – more and more environmental factors are real-time means a sensor system containing a sensor capable of monitoring the data needed for the autopilot to make the right decisions.
So the tools they are already suitable for preventing collisions in the air, even moving obstacles accurate ground tracking and airborne communication and sharing their information with each other even performing complex tasks autonomously optimization, group implementation. Of course on-board computing, signal processing and data storage capacities are essential increase. This autonomy can also have a positive effect on other flight characteristics, as on the one hand, by optimizing the control, the consumption of the motors can be reduced, i.e. the time spent in the air, on the other hand, for a given task (e.g. aerial photography, 3D modeling) by optimizing the route, the execution process, the given activity can be shortened time required to complete. Thus, the effective efficiency of implementation is up to 50-70% increase the level of flight controller autonomy, settings, and algorithms used as a whole, while in the case of an activity relying entirely on the operator, its even it can be a multiple, depending on the operator’s experience, practice, and it’s all about safety with a significant increase.
Significant market progress is also expected in this area in 2021, the pace of which is basically the same industrial uses (eg mining, oil and gas exploration supervision of works, transport networks) and their implementation will be determined by the creation and implementation of a regulatory environment.